Monday, December 2, 2019
Women Rights in The Middle East Gender refers to socially constructed roles and learned behaviors and expectations associated with females and males. Mostly, when people talk about gender, they concentrate much on gender inequality- women and girls having fewer opportunities in life simply because they are female. However, the word gender also refers to men and boys who are equally defined by the rights and roles assigned to them. Giving equal rights to women and girls should not mean denying men the same. In the Middle East, there is no gender equality, but the phenomena of sexism and misogyny are global and not only peculiar to Islam or the Middle East. The status of women in the Middle Need essay sample on "Women Rights in The Middle East" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed East varies greatly, and the norms of one region should not be projected to the larger Muslim world. Many of the reasons for inferior status of women in the Middle East are native but also the west has exacerbated this oppression. The Middle East is predominantly an Islamic region; therefore the Islamic laws are dominant and are executed thoroughly (AbuKhalil, Para 1). The position of a woman in the Islamic role It is widely accepted that Islam views women as subordinate to men. According to the law in use today in most of the Middle East countries, women do not have equal rights with men but they have equal responsibilities in monetary terms. The westerns have a stereotype depiction that women in the Middle East are weak, passive and always veiled. In Saudi Arabia, for example, women are not allowed to drive cars though this may not be generalized for the whole of the Middle East and the Islamic countries. It is said that the versions of Islamism and sexism in Saudi Arabia are very different from other Middle East countries. It also seems to be taking roots in Afghanistan. It is unfortunate that women in Saudi Arabia must be accompanied by a male relative in public and also dresses all-covering abayas. Students Usually Tell EssayLab professionals: How much do I have to pay someone to make my assignment now? Specialists propose: Winning Academic Essay Writing Delivered On Time Paper Writing Service Cheap Custom Writing Service Best Essay Writing Service Essay Writer Cheap Problems in the Middle East have remained acute; the religious leaders in this society have provided the people with the most exclusivist and conservative interpretations of religious laws. These laws have burdened the women in their families, state and also in the society. The top positions according to strict Islamic laws are denied to women by dubious Hadith. The political representation of women in parliaments in the Middle East lags behind all other nations of the world while Kuwait is yet to give women a right to vote. In Saudi Arabia more precisely, women are not allowed to vote and just the other day they were allowed to have an identification card. It has also been noted that, in the Middle East, women have limited chances to education and employment. Currently, there are changes that are going on due to the more and more women graduating from the universities but the representation is still low in the workforce (Kamguian, Para 2). Although mostly religion is blamed for the inferior status of women, it cannot be solely blamed for the gender inequality in the Middle East. In reality, the role of culture has been more prominent in activating the oppression of women. Female genital mutilation, as an example, has been a culture that has afflicted women in several cultures in history. They also have adored polygamy which has been a risk to the health of most women. This has been practiced and still been practiced in the conservative Islamic nations. Conversely, inequality between men and women tend to be largest among the poor, this call for gender development. In the Indian villages, men spend the big portion of their income for personals like drinking, smoking, and gambling while women devote all their income to family needs (Grimier, Para 4). Contrary to the conservative Islamic nations, the liberal Islamic nations allow women to drive and have been accorded some freedom. In Egypt, Pakistan and Bangladesh have been led by women. In Israel, a woman (Golda Meir) once headed the government, though the political elite has been male-dominated since the creation of the state. In these liberal Islamic nations, women have entered the workforce and even started their businesses. The restrictions women face are significantly reducing hence good improvement for them. Women are allowed to join the army and have a say in choosing their careers. They can also work alongside men and even join the male-dominated fields like engineering. For example, Fatima runs her own company which designs the interiors of offices, hotels, apartments, restaurants and retail outlets in Dubai. They are also entering the entertainment business, a difficult choice in the Islamic society (Grimier, Para 5). In these nations, women have been well supported by their male counterparts and indeed polygamy has been abolished. Women in these nations live long and healthy due to the availability of basic needs without struggle and also honor and respect. Cost of gender inequality to the economy Gender inequality is usually approached from a social, anthropological or political angle. This is a great mistake because the costs of inequality are yielded at the economic level. Women indeed have a lot of economic potential and contribution that is vital for regional development. In the Middle East female education, life expectancy, per capita income is very well indicated and also fertility. There is much of this that can be seen in the societies in the The Middle East in these areas named above. Where women have been denied quality opportunities is in economic participation and political participation. Gender inequality holds back a countries economic performance. This acts as a barrier that decreases a countrys open competition and consequently the ability of a country to draw the best talents and therefore undermining the economic growth and productivity. Women in the Middle East remain an untapped resource. They make 49 percent of the population but a very small percent in the labor force. High unemployment, low female labor force and high proportions of people too young and too old to work all make the economic dependency ratio of Middle East the highest in the world. In the liberal Islamic nations where women have been allowed to participate in businesses and workforce, the economies of those nations have been well improved. The numbers of businesses owned by women have increased over the years. In the United Arab Emirates, the women businesses have grown 1.7 times better than those owned by men. One of the most major trading sites in the Middle East is run by a woman. This is a huge step for women. This is an indication that if women are to be allowed to venture into the workforce and businesses they are a likelihood of improvement in the economy (Grimier, Para 4-7). Conclusion If the women in the Middle East are given opportunities, the poverty levels in these nations would rapidly reduce. The few who have been given the chances have been of great benefit to the Middle East nations. The Middle East would probably not be termed as the poorest region on the world. It is the high time that the Islamic nation should accord women their full rights for they have proved an essential part of the nations economic growth. Work Cited: AbuKhalil, A., Women in the Middle East, (2000). Grimier, B., Working Women in the Middle East A look into career women in the Middle East, (2006). Jones, C., The Status of Woman in Islamic Law, (1998). Kamguian A., The Liberation of Women in the Middle East, (2003).
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
How Many Pounds in a Ton A Fascinating Story SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips The most basic answer to the question of how many pounds in a ton? There are 2000 pounds in a ton. Still feel confused? You're not alone. But why is the ton a measurement that no one ever quite understands or remembers? This conversion is endlessly confusing because a ton can refer to different forms of measurement. In this article, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll explain exactly what a ton is, what it measures, and how to convert tons to pounds. I'll go into the differences between a ton, a metric ton, and several other kinds of tons. And finally, I'll give you a brief history of this often mixed up and misused unit of measurement. The Basics: WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s a Ton? How Do You Convert Tons to Pounds? First things first: here are the most basic facts you should know about tons. If you live in the US, then when you encounter a reference to a ton, you're looking at a measurement of mass. The conversions for tons to pounds and pounds to tons are below: 1 ton = 2000 pounds 1 pound = 1/2000 of a ton But what if you dig a little deeper into this unit? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s check out some other kinds of tons around the world. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the Difference Between a Short Ton, a Long Ton, and a Tonne (Metric Ton)? One of the reasons the ton is such a confounding measurement is that there are actually three different kinds of tons in use around the world. Short Ton The United States has never adopted the metric system for measuring things. Instead, our country uses a system called customary units. To measure mass, this system uses pounds and ounces as well as the tons I described in the previous section. The US ton is called a short ton. 1 short ton is 2000 pounds. Long Ton The United Kingdom uses a mix of the metric system and the older Imperial system for its measurements. This means that they measure mass sometimes in kilograms and other times in units called stones. The ton that is used in Imperial measures is a little heavier than the US one, so the UK ton is called a long ton. 1 long ton is 2240 pounds. Tonne (or Metric Ton) Most other countries have by this point fully adopted the metric system, and use grams and kilograms to measure mass. The metric ton is never officially called a metric ton, and is instead called a tonne (pronounced just like the word Ã¢â¬Å"tonÃ¢â¬ ). 1 tonne is 1000 kilograms, or 2,204.6 pounds. Short Ton, Long Ton, and Tonne Conversions 1 short ton = 0.89 long tons = .9 tonnes = 2000 pounds = 907 kilograms 1 long ton = 1.12 short tons = 1.01 tonnes = 2240 pounds = 1016 kilograms 1 tonne = 0.98 long tons = 1.1 short tons = 2204 pounds = 1000 kilograms So, in order from lightest to heaviest, it goes: 1 short ton 1 metric ton 1 long ton. Tons are like nesting dolls- each a slightly larger version of the next. Why Are There So Many Different Tons? The word "ton" originally comes from a measurement of volume called a Ã¢â¬Å"tunÃ¢â¬ - basically a very big wine-making cask. And you're right- this does, in fact, mean that originally a ton was a measurement of volume rather than mass! Eventually, it was determined that a tun could hold about 2000 pounds worth of wine, and the term "ton" evolved to describe this weight. The short ton and long ton measurements diverged when this wine-making measurement was standardized. In the US and the UK, the ton was defined as 20 hundredweights (another unit of mass). But, while in the US 1 hundredweight = 100 pounds, in the UK 1 hundredweight = 8 stones. Since 1 stone = 14 pounds, the UK hundredweight = 2 pounds. The US took the road less traveled- and that has made all the difference. At least as far as short tons are concerned. What Other Kinds of Tons Are There? In addition to the three types of tons above, there are many other sorts of tons that are used to describe a wide range of measurements. These less common tons are generally quite specialized, meaning you're unlikely to encounter them in your day to day life. Still, the diversity of usage certainly helps explain why the word ton is frequently so confusing. As we go through the other kinds of tons, notice how sometimes the ton is used to measure mass, sometimes to measure volume, and sometimes it's not a measurement at all- but instead a standard quantity! Tons in the Ocean At sea, tons typically have to do with measuring ships- and in this context, tons are generally a way to express volume rather than mass. Deadweight Ton. A volume measurement of a ship's carrying capacity, including cargo, ballast, crew, and supplies. It is expressed in tonnes or long tons. Register Ton (or Tonnage). A volume measurement of a shipÃ¢â¬â¢s cargo capacity. Tonnage isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the same thing as the weight of a ship (called Ã¢â¬Å"displacementÃ¢â¬ ). Ton Class. A volume measurement that categorizes types of yachts based on the capacity of the hold. Displacement Ton. A measurement of the weight of a ship. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s called Ã¢â¬Å"displacementÃ¢â¬ because you calculate it by measuring the volume of water that a ship displaces, and then converting this volume into weight. Tons in the Ground One of the uses of "ton" as a standard amount rather than a measurement happens with ore. Check out the "assay ton" to see that a ton can sometimes mean a very small amount of something! Dry Ton (or Tonne). A measurement of mass used for material thatÃ¢â¬â¢s usually wet but has been dried for transportation (think sludge, slurry, or compost, for example). Assay Ton. This is not a unit of measurement, but is always either 29 1Ã¢ â6 grams (short assay ton) or 32 2Ã¢ â3 grams (long assay ton)- much lighter than a pound! This amount is the standard quantity of ore necessary for testing the ores of precious metals. Tons of Energy Here, the ton is so removed from its original meaning that it's used to measure energy output in the same way that units like the joule or the calorie do. Ton of TNT. This kind of ton is not a measurement of volume or mass, but instead, a specific amount of energy- 109 calories (about 4.184 gigajoules)- generally used to describe nuclear weapons or earthquakes. This energy unit hasn't had anything to do with the actual chemical TNT for a long time. Tonne of Oil Equivalent. Another standard energy value, based on the amount of energy released by burning one tonne of crude oil. The very similar "tonne of coal equivalent" is the amount of energy released by burning one tonne of coal. Tons of Cold Ton of Refrigeration. This is a measure of heat absorption used for refrigeration and air conditioning, and comes from the days when cooling was accomplished only through ice. 1 unit ton of mechanical refrigeration is the capacity to meet the consumption of 1 ton of ice in 1 day. That's a good-looking ton of ship. So, Really, How Many Pounds in a Ton? All you really have to know is that in the US, a ton measures mass and is the same as 2000 pounds. It helps to have a general sense that the US short ton, the UK long ton, and the metric ton are slight variations on the same measurement. To be a ton superstar, you should remember that the ton started as a measurement of volume and is still used that way about ships.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Study of Video Clips essays Nowa days, the adolescent culture is strongly represented through the use of video clips. One singer in particular, Madonna, can be seen as a cultural symbol. She reflects females rights, rebellion and sexuality. This can strongly be seen in the video clip Like A Prayer. Also in the clip cultural and religious issues are strongly challenged. Through out the clip, it conforms that women are the weaker sex. This is shown through a variety of symbols. Madonna mainly influences the older adolescents. The new girl on the scene Sophie Ellis Bextors Clip Get Over You strongly represents the female adolescent culture. There are lots of symbols throughout the clip representing the female culture. It also comes across as the females being the weaker sex even though they dominated the video clip. To most adolescent females, Madonna can strongly be seen as a symbol of power. This strongly comes through in the clip Like a prayer where she challenges Christianity. In the video clip there are many startling images of several burning crosses on a lawn or a hill. These crosses were in the background, while Madonna was facing the camera and singing. This strongly challenges religion and is showing her rebellion. The crossed burning made me think that shes a very out spoken women who has a lot of nerve. The cross is the symbol of Christianity. Seeing the cross engulfed in fire, which symbolizes a destructive force, is very disturbing for anyone to see, even if they are not Christian. Because of Madonnas power over the adolescent culture, I hope that Christians who view the clip do not see this as the right thing to do. Throughout the clip cultural issues are conformed by seeing the abuse of the black man. Madonna also challenges some of the issues presented to the viewer. In one scene it shows a group of white men beating up a white women. When the men run away the black man goes to help he ...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Developing a Multi-Skilled, Customer-Focused People Management Approach in the Middle East through Reducing Dependence on Foreign Workers - Essay Example The paper tells that not like the trends of development elsewhere, the transition of the economy of the Middle East or the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has been largely driven by the trading in of expatriate foreign employees. This pattern will not cease for the near future, although at a slower rate, but the involvement of foreign employees in the course of transforming political and economic institutions will demand, inevitably, multi-skilled and customer-oriented people management techniques. Large corporations and government bodies in the Middle East, as well as international agencies, are vaguely informed of such regional trends, but the implications of such developments for human resource management (HRM) is not widely recognized or understood. By conducting an appropriate evaluation of the factors and patterns influencing development, this paper tries to contribute to the knowledge required by large corporations in the Middle East to create a more systematic, multi-skilled, and customer-oriented workforce management approach. Changing economic progress and lessening reliance on foreign employees are the key tasks confronting the Middle East. Not like elsewhere, the Middle East has too little literature on HRM. A detailed review of available literature reveals the lack of any methodical assessment that might give a broad image of the HRM mechanisms in the Middle East. In fact, there is hardly any trustworthy country-specific research that has surfaced with the economic progress of a specific Middle Eastern country. For instance, management and HRM approaches in Saudi Arabia, people management in Turkey, organizational and HRD success in Israel, international business and management problems in Jordan, and workforce management in the GCC (Peterson 1993). Moreover, the available literature emphasizes several studies associated with development and training in the Middle East. Ali (1996 as cited in Budhwar & Mellahi 2006), for instance, focuses on the inad equacy of attempts exerted by professionals to make sense of Arab management approaches and their effect on the success of organizational development programs and cross-cultural cooperation in the region. Likewise, a number of researchers talk about the success of management training and its effect on managerial competency in various Middle Eastern societies (Scullion & Collings 2010). As stated by Briscoe and Schuler (2004), several academics have stressed the need for and processes of multi-focused, customer-oriented workforce management approaches in the Arab world. A large portion of related literature on the Middle East is about the effect of Arab values and culture on management dynamics (Budhwar & Debrah 2001). Likewise, Kabasakal and Bodur (2002 as cited in Budhwar & Mellahi 2006), based on socio-cultural comparisons, classified an Arabic group, composed of Qatar, Kuwait, Turkey, Morocco, and Egypt. Countries in this group are emphasized to be very masculine, structural/hier archical, group-driven, and weak on future direction. In contrast, Ali (1995 as cited in Budhwar & Mellahi 2006) argues that multi-focused, customer-oriented organizations and management approaches in the Middle East can merely be built by taking proper account of the Arab context. He further argues that the foreign aspect is partly not favorable to the creation of multi-focused, customer-oriented management approaches in the oil rich Gulf States. Researchers have also explored the subject of management flow from the Western countries to the Arab world. Yavas (1998 as cited in Aswathappa & Dash 2007), for instance, studied the subjective value given to a cluster of management competencies by Saudi managers who had gained their business diploma in the United States. Yavas (1998) emphasizes several
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Bluechester City Council v Doncaster Wagons Ltd - Case Study Example If any building or a fence is erected or any construction is done, it cannot be lawful without the consent of the minister. They will order inquiries as are directed by the commons act 1876. The county courts are entitled to convict the person or the organisation that constructed the fence or any erection has been done. The order mentioned above is subjected to appeal in the higher court according to section thirty of commons act, 1876. These are the conditions that apply to the land which is declared common before the possession of it was given to a person, lord, manor or to an organisation for any purpose of public or private interest. In such conditions the parking of vehicles, erection of cabin, construction of fence by Doncaster wagons can be considered illegal and can be complained to the country court or any relevant government agency. The problem lying here is that the Blue Chester city council did not take any legal action the 12 years of duration. Now the legal question ari ses that after this much term of negligence towards occupation does the Bluechester city council do have any legal right to take action on Doncaster Wagons ltd. (Swarb.co.uk, 2007) There is every chance for the risk of Doncaster acquiring the possession rights as the title to the land is not registered. According to part 9 of the land registration act 1980, after twelve years of adverse possession of the land, which have no title registered, the occupant can acquire possessory title. The limitation act 1980 s15(1) will provide no action to recover the land after the expiration of the limitation period of twelve years under adverse possession. According to this act the expiration of the limitation period will remove the right of the true owner of the land to recover it. The person who possessed the land for 12 years will get the right to get the title superior to all others according to Buckingham shire council v Moran (1990) Ch 623, 635, CA. The period of the possession will be counted from the commencement of adverse possession and that requires a degree of occupation or physical control. This can be coupled with the intention to posses the land without the p aper owner according to JA pye (oxford) Ltd v Graham (2002) UKHL 30 (2003) 1 AC 419. The occupation by the Doncaster Wagon Ltd can be termed as seized if the company gives written acknowledgement to the true owners title. Here in this case as the true owner; Bluechester city council have no title registered, there is no chance of that issue according to the 1980 law. The period of the possession of the land can be calculated from the day of the true owner grants a tenancy or licence to the occupier. In this case this did not happen and in the time being the Bluechester city council made number of objections to Doncaster wagons Ltd to vacate it and because they are trespassing. As there is no mention of the Doncaster Wagons Ltd did pay any taxes regarding the land they adversely possess, the right of the ownership that can be claimed after the 12 years of limitation period is at stake. This option will keep alive the hopes of the Bluechester city council to get the re possession of t h
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Evaluate Is Acceptance Model Essay There are many models have been developed to understand the factors affecting the acceptance of computer technology such as Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) (Fishbein Ajzen, 1975, Ajzen Fishbein, 1980), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) (Ajzen, 1985, 1991), Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, 1989), Decomposed Theory of Planned Behavior (DTPB) (Taylor Todd, 1995), and Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) (Venkatesh et al., 2003). TRA proposes that individual beliefs influence attitudes which will create intentions that will generate behavior. There are two major factors that determine behavioral intentions which are the personÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude toward the behavior and subjective norms. Attitude toward the behavior refers to the personÃ¢â¬â¢s judgment that performing the behavior is good or bad according to his or her belief. While the subjective norms are a function of normative beliefs that reflect the personÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of social pressures put on him or her to perform or not to perform the behavior in question. TRA model TPB is an expansion of the TRA. TPB includes the construct, perceived behavioral control to measure and account for the extent to which users have complete controls over their behavior. Perceived behavioral control relates to the extent to which the person believes that she or he has control over personal or external factors that may facilitate or constrain the behavioral performance. TPB model TAM pioneered by Davis advances the TRA by postulating that perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEU) are key determinants that lead to the actual usage of a particular technology or system. Perceived usefulness is the degree to which an individual believes that using a particular system would enhance his or her productivity while perceived ease of use is the degree an individual believes that using a particular system would be free of effort. TAM model DTPB was formulated through combination of both TAM and TPB, which was intended for providing better understanding of behavioral intention by concentrating on the factors that are likely to impact systems use. This model explores dimensions of subjective norms and perceived behavior control through decomposing them into particular belief perception whilst constructs from the innovation characteristics has also been regarded as the basis of DTPM formulation. DTPB also offer a clearer understanding of behavior and behavioral intention by giving detailed information about impacts of normative and control beliefs over system usage. DTPM model UTAUT had synthesized the eight prominent user acceptance models including the TRA, TAM, the motivational model (MM), TPB, a model combining the technology acceptance model and the theory of planned behavior (C-TAM-TPB), the model of PC utilization (MPCU) (Ronald et al., 1994; Thompson Higgins, 1991), the innovation diffusion theory, and the social cognitive theory (SCT) (Compeau et al., 1999 and Compeau Higgins, 1995). This model was formulated with four core determinants of intention and usage including performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence and facilitating conditions and also with up to four moderators of key counting gender, experience, age and voluntariness of use. However, the authors argue that in order to strengthen this model, the culture also need to take consideration since different culture can affect the acceptance behavior among user towards the computer technology. UTAUT model There are more theories that had been developed and many variables had used to evaluate the IS/IT acceptance rate. For example, the interactive model of technology acceptance and satisfaction (IMTAS) which integrate the user satisfaction with and user acceptance of IT. This model expands user satisfaction and user acceptance into SME sector simultaneously as two basic constructs of system usage behavior (as the key measure of IT success) while addresses specific characteristics of SMEs such as resource constraints, management method and direct interaction of SME users with external environments. Base on this model, user satisfaction can be influenced by user involvement, system quality, and information quality. High quality of information and system enable the user to produce good decision making, hence, increase the user satisfaction. However, user involvement is the key determinant of user satisfaction since high user involvement allow the userÃ involve in major area of the system which this give the user opportunity to enjoy most of the benefits of the system. User satisfaction will increase the usage of the system and the usage will be even higher if the system has high user friendliness. Another key determinant that influence the system usage in SMEs is user computer competence. User computer competence can be enhance through providing training by assuming that assistance of SMEsÃ¢â¬â¢ external environment have a crucial impact on the success of newly implemented IS by increasing SME user acceptance and satisfaction since SMEs are typically suffering from lack of resources such as internal expertise, knowledge and user skills. The training can influence the perceived ease of use and perceived of usefulness among user, hence, influence the user attitude and intention which than influence the actual usage of a system in SMEs.
Friday, November 15, 2019
Anthony Tseng Gloomy, dejected, depressed: These are the emotional elements that William Shakespeare implemented into the speaker of Sonnet 73. An understanding that time doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t last forever and we all will age with the current of time. Thus he has accepted his fate, but wants us the readers to feel what he feels and see what he sees. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Each year more time passes by. Each year we age a little more. A year also dies out, and then comes a new year. An endless cycle of life and death. Represented each year by trees with yellow leaves. This is how the speaker has aged. Aged so much that Ã¢â¬Å"few do hang.Ã¢â¬ Those leaves are the very strands of life a person has in this world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s why people hold so dearly to the people they love, so they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t lose them. But thereÃ¢â¬â¢s always the last fork in the road, and that is death. No matter how strong a person is or determined, death will bring oneÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall. He will be shaken to death by the strong cold wind. How cold it is to die old while the person you love is young. How he must die before someone he loves. It's a feeling of hopelessness, but a feeling that is dispelled by the Ã¢â¬Å"sweet birdsÃ¢â¬ songs. Songs sang by his lover. Conversations that bring the essence of life back into him. What more can one have, than fo r a person that cares. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Without friends and family, solitude will blow the Ã¢â¬Å"dim light,Ã¢â¬ final gasp for life. Just like the sun setting in the west, an end to the term of life....